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Translate WordPress

On May 11th 2019, the 4th WP Translation Day was organized! This global event will put focus on translations of WordPress. During the 24 hours, everyone is encouraged to contribute by submitting new translations to the WordPress repository.

WordPress can only be this popular all over the world, because it’s supported by multiple languages. The default language, when you download WordPress is English, but the Polyglot teams translate every string other languages. At this moment, there are 51 different and up-to-date translations of WordPress. Joining a Polyglot team and translating untranslated strings or improving existing translations is considered an easy first step into contributing to WordPress.

Start to translate WordPress

To start translating WordPress, you can follow these steps:

Search for your locale
Search your locale
  1. Login or Register on WordPress.org
  2. Go to translate.wordpress.org
  3. Search your locale and click “Contribute Translation”
  4. Find a project you’d like to translate.
    1. WordPress: The core of your website
    2. Themes: Free themes
    3. Plugins: Open source plugins
    4. Meta: Websites of WordPress itself
    5. Apps: Apps to manage your WordPress website
  5. Click the “Translate Project” button for the item of your choice
  6. Click on a Set or Subproject
  7. Double click the row you want to translate and start typing your translation
  8. When finished a translation, click on “Suggest new translation”
  9. The translation awaits approval by community members with the “Editor” permissions
Click on the number to get untranslated string pre-filtered
Tip: Click on the number under “Untranslated” to get the prefiltered strings

The updated editor

Right before WP Translation Day, a new translation editor is released! Thanks for everyone who contributed to this major improvement.

I would like to highlight 5 features of the new translation editor interface:

  1. The string that needs translation. This, of course, is not changed.
  2. You can easily toggle between strings and close the editor.
  3. This field is also not changed. You can enter the translated text in this text area.
  4. Sometimes, a string should be copied from the original language. So you can click on the most left button. When clicking the question mark, you get help information.
  5. Some string were already (partially) translated in other parts of the code. Translation Memory is a new feature and will suggest a translation if possible.

Don’t rush!

An open source project, like WordPress relies on the contributions of your time. The more time you and the rest of the community spends on improving WordPress, the better WordPress will become. On the other hand, we all have a family, hobby, job, … It’s important to balance your time, energy and attention between all of these.

I started translating WordPress a while ago and it was very motivating when a new translated item was submitted and accepted. Even on this level, I spend most part of a week on it. This wax not sustainable, so I set myself a limit:

Every other working day, I work on 20 untranslated strings.

Start to translate WordPress

I can keep up with this pace and on a monthly basis, I can have roughly 200 new translated strings.

Less Google

Everyone knows and uses one of Google’s many services. At the end of 2015, these services were brought together under the lesser-known name Alphabet. The image below gives you a good overview of services that all fall under the Alphabet name. I’m sure you will recognise and use many of them.

The Google Alphabet companies
Companies/Brands in Google Alphabet

All of these services are free to use, but in return Google will collect data about your usage (in Dutch) in order to better tailor ads to who you are. Even if they indicate that they do not follow you around, Google will still collect behavioural data (metadata) about you in order to refine and improve their profile of you.

What are the alternatives to Google?

Less google

Nowadays, you can perfectly “remove Google” and work with the many alternative tools and services that are available. Some of them are already a bit better known than others. I’m not going to go over the services and their alternatives alphabetically, but I’m going to sort them according to use. First there is the Google search engine with some alternatives, followed by the browser. For each service I also try to give an indication of the complexity of switching to an alternative. Sometimes it’s simple and all you have to do is surf to another website, while sometimes you’ll have to make a ‘switchover plan’.

For each service, I indicate the following:

  • Why switching is important
  • Alternatives to consider
  • How hard it is to switch, visualised in Hoe moeilijk is switchen, uitgedrukt in sweat drops
    (scale of 1 to 5)

Google (search engine)

Why?

Through their search engine, Google knows exactly what you’re looking for, but also exactly what you’re clicking through. Based on both the search queries and the search result you click on, Google knows a lot about you. Just think of the football boots you last looked up and the football related ads you now see.

Alternatives

There have been some pretty good alternatives to the Google search engine for some time now. I choose 2 of them, for totally different reasons. Both services do show ads, but add personalization or profiling. They only show these on the basis of the keywords entered.

  • DuckDuckGo: This is an alternative search engine, with its own search index, which attaches great importance to privacy. They will never track you.
    In another post, I explain how you can set DuckDuckGo as default search engine on all your devices.
  • Startpage: This search engine uses Google’s search index, but removes all tracking that Google adds.

Complexity

This is super easy, because you only have to surf to another search engine. Setting up an alternative search engine on your many devices is a bit more complex.

Chrome

Why?

Chrome is a very convenient browser with a market share of around 80%. If you are logged in with a Google Account, everything you do in Chrome is tracked and collected in this account. This gives Google an enormous insight into your behaviour in the browser.

Alternative to Google Chrome

  • Firefox: This browser has been around since 2002 and is open source. In recent years, they have been clearly drawing the map of privacy for their users.
  • Brave: This browser offers its users a safe, fast and privacy-friendly experience. They block advertisements to achieve this speed. In addition, they have built in interesting features to reward your favourite content creator: the Basic Attention Token.
  • Vivaldi: If you want to configure your browser to your own needs, Vivaldi is the right place for you.

There are many alternatives to avoid Chrome. My choice for this 3 is one on personal experience, which is completely subjective.

Complexity

It’s not that difficult to use a different browser, but some fixed movements or key combinations have to be learned in a slightly different way.

Chrome Passwords

Why?

You quickly collect a whole range of passwords and other logins. At the moment I have about 500 of them myself. It is very easy to save these in Google Chrome and have them filled in automatically. Have you ever wondered where you can change or delete the stored passwords? In addition, you are suddenly bound to Google Chrome if you don’t want to lose your passwords. With the next step-by-step plan, you’ll get an overview of all the passwords Chrome stores for you.

Categories in 1Password

There are applications that are specifically designed to keep passwords and other sensitive data safe for you. These applications often have an integration with common browsers, but also with your smartphone and they help you log in to different apps. In addition, they also help you to maintain your passwords properly.

Alternative to Google Passwords

  • 1Password: One of the more famous password managers, who in the beginning was mainly available for the Apple ecosystem. The very handy interface and the many integrations make it an application that I use all the time.
  • LastPass: An alternative to 1Password.
  • Bitwarden: One of the more famous password managers, who in the beginning was mainly available for the Apple ecosystem. The very handy interface and the many integrations make it an application that I use all the time.
  • Dashlane
  • Keepass

Complexity

The difficulty is in getting all your devices set up and keeping them in sync. Anyway, the use of a password manager is highly recommended. Especially if you combine it with 2-Factor Authentication.

Google mail (Gmail)

Why?

Gmail was launched 15 years ago on April 1st. It could just as well have been one of Google’s April jokes. But in those many years they have made Gmail a powerful mail service, with of course many changes to both the interface and the functionalities.

Why avoid Gmail? Google scans as the emails in your mailbox to further enrich your profile and show ads based on it. Actually, Gmail is a new way for Google to serve ads and gather more information about you.

Alternative to Google Gmail

If you want to make sure that your data isn’t used to target ads, you’ll soon end up with a paying email service. However, we are not used to paying for email…

  • Fastmail: A secure, high-performance e-mail service that also pays the necessary attention to privacy. They also have support for synchronising contacts and calendars.
  • Protonmail: A secure e-mail service with a focus on privacy. They also have a free subscription available. This free option is usually sufficient for a personal mailbox. In order to get the best possible security, you need to install a “bridge”-application for most e-mail clients.

Complexity

Additional security sometimes also means a slightly more complex setup. In addition, you may also need to transfer your domain name or create and distribute a new email address. All not so intuitive.

Google analytics

Why?

When a website uses Google Analytics to track visits, it will store as much data as possible from the visitor. If you own a website or build websites for clients, organisations, … you have to be aware of this. By default this data will also be shared throughout the Google network, including their partners. Anonymised or not. Once the data is shared, you’ve lost all control over what happens with the data. By default, Google Analytics will also collect IP-addresses from visitors. This is also considered personal data, so the visitor has to give it’s consent.

Google Analytics – Data Sharing Settings

This gives us enough reasons to search for alternatives. Especially since for most websites, a less sophisticated tool will suffice.

Alternative to Google Analytics

  • Matomo: You can install the application on your own servers or go for the hosted solution. All necessary data is collected, but not shared with other services or partners.

Complexity

Setting up Matomo is not really hard, but it’s a new tool, that needs some exploration and getting used to. This website tracks visits through a self-hosted Matomo install.

Google Translate

Why?

Everyone uses Google Translate and you can even let Google Translate full websites your visiting. This way Google knows what texts you reading and working on, even if it’s not a website. For a long time, Google Translate was the best service to use and the results have improved a lot of the years. There are alternatives!

Alternative to Google Translate

  • Translate
  • DeepL: Translation of texts, supported by machine learning algorithms.

Complexity

You just have to browse to another service and enter your text like you’re used to.

Google Drive

We have to make the distinction between the document storage and document editing services. For this section (Google Drive), I’m only discussing the storage service.

Why?

Screenshot of privacy impact when visiting Google Drive

When storing all your files in Google Drive, you have a great, feature-rich platform. This tool is only accessible when you’re logged in through your Google account, which makes it a perfect way to let Google track you. Also are they allowed to track you on other websites and uwe the content on other websites and services.

Alternative to Google Drive

  • NextCloud: This application lets you host your files on your own servers or sign up through a provider. Client applications are available for most common operating systems.
  • Dropbox: A well-known alternative with a client application to automatically synchronise files between all your devices.

Complexity

Setting up the an alternative document storage service might be require some more perseverance. You also will have to convince collaborators of the new tool and everyone involved has to get used to the new tool.

Without options

Until now, we discussed services for which there are real alternatives with at least the same features and quality. For some of the Google services, there are no worthy alternatives available. Like for example Google Docs or Google Maps. Other Google services are used by so many people, you will have to use the service to get to your content or reach your community. Think about Youtube.

To conclude

There are so many great tools and services available, but we are mainly pointed to the most well-known tools. It’s totally worth the effort to sometimes take a look around to discover new tools or services.

I will update this post when new services emerge or are becoming more mature.

Which alternatives do you use for Google services?

DuckDuckGo Logo

DuckDuckGo as default search engine

Anyone trying to get away from Google, can start easily by using DuckDuckGo as his default search engine. Why another search engine? That’s pretty simple: No company needs to keep track of your details to find out more about you. DuckDuckGo is a good example of a profitable company that also advertises without wanting to know everything about you. Google finds out a lot about you by offering many services ‘for free’ (in Dutch).

Nowadays it’s pretty easy to add alternative search engines to your browsers. Below I show you the steps before: Google Chrome, Firefox, Safari (on desktop) and Brave. Also remember to check these settings on your smartphone!

Desktop / Laptop

Google Chrome

Open the top-right menu and click Settings.

Google Chrome – Settings

Scroll down until you reach the Search engine and choose DuckDuckGo.

Google Chrome – Default search engine

Firefox

Open the top-right menu and click Settings.

Firefox – Settings
  • Click on Search on the left side.
  • Choose DuckDuckGo as your default search engine in the dropdown.
Firefox – Default search enging

Brave

Open the top-right menu and click Settings.

Brave – Settings

Scroll down until you reach the Search engine and choose DuckDuckGo.

Brave – Default search engine

Safari

Open the menu under the Safari item at the top left and click Preferences.

Safari – Settings

Click on Search and then choose DuckDuclGo from the dropdown.

Safari – Default search engine

Android smartphone

Google Chrome

Browse to duckduckgo.com and you will immediately be asked to add DuckDuckGo to Google Chrome.

Google Chrome – Open DuckDuckGo website
Google Chrome – Instructions
  • Open the menu at the top right
  • Click Settings.
  • Choose Search Engine.
  • Now select DuckDuckGo from the dropdown.
Google Chrome – Settings
Google Chrome – DuckDuckGo
Google Chrome – Default search engine

Firefox

  • Open the top right menu and click on Settings.
  • Choose Search Engine.
  • Select DuckDuckGo from the dropdown.
  • Set DuckDuckGo as default
Firefox – Settings
Firefox – Search
Firefox – DuckDuckGo
Firefox – Set as default

Brave

Surf to duckduckgo.com and you will immediately be asked to add DuckDuckGo to Brave.

Brave – Open DuckDuckGo website
Brave – Instructions
  • Open the menu at the top right
  • Click Settings.
  • Under Search Engine, choose the type of tab (default or private).
  • Select DuckDuckGo to set up.
Brave – Settings
Brave – Default search engine

Brave – Choose DuckDuckGo

Final thought

It’s not difficult to set up another search engine, but you have to do it quickly in 3 or 4 different places. And that’s exactly what makes it a bit of an effort. I think it’s totally worth the effort.

WP Hasselt Meetup - Gutenberg Theme Night

WP Meetup Hasselt – Gutenberg theme night

Er begint zich een soort van regelmaat te komen in de bijeenkomsten voor de WordPress Meetup Hasselt groep. Iedere 2 maanden komen we samen. Na de vorige editie omtrent beveiliging van je website, was het nog eens tijd om te luisteren naar twee vaste waarden in de Belgische WordPress community. Csaba en Veerle lieten ons verder kennis maken met de Gutenberg editor. Aan de ene kant door het thema Twenty Nineteen en aan de andere kant door meer inzicht te geven op de technische mogelijkheden die je met eenvoudige hooks en filters kan benutten.

Het volledige artikel kan je nalezen op de website van WP Belgium, maar als ik er toch 1 punt moet uitnemen:

Gutenberg is de editor voor de komende jaren waarvan de mogelijkheden alleen maar zullen uitbreiden

Fingerprint on keyboard

Vingerafdruk op de eID, een technische analyse

Laatste kwam deze tweet voorbij over de vingeradruk op de eID. Het was al even stil geweest over deze wet, die april van dit jaar in voege zal/zou treden.

Het heeft even geduurd, maar eindelijk heb ik het rapport kunnen lezen. Dit is een eerste keer dat het toevoegen op de Belgische eID van een meer technische kant benaderd wordt.

2 onderzoekers aan de KU Leuven (onderzoeksgroep COSIC) hebben in een publicatie (PDF) hun twijfels geuit bij de technische implementatie, alsook de noodzaak, van de vingerafdruk op de Belgische eID. Het 22 pagina’s tellende rapport, geeft een systematisch overzicht van hetgeen de wet voorstelt, gevolgd door technische kanttekeningen.

Hieronder geef ik een korte opsomming van de conclusies:

  1. De wet legt geen technische beschermingsmaatregelen op, hoewel er veel mogelijkheden zijn.
  2. Identificatie aan de hand van de, reeds beschikbare, foto en een eenvoudige camera kan al veel problemen verhelpen
  3. Er zijn veel situaties waar de vingerafdruk geen effectieve maatregel is om fraude terug te dringen
  4. Je moet niet per se werken met een beeld van de vingerafdruk op de chip, je kan ook werken met Sensor on a card (cfr. Mastercard) of “Match on card” (cfr. Spaanse eID)
  5. Tijdelijke centrale opslag van de vingerafdruk is overbodig
  6. De gebruikte paspoorttechnologie is verouderd

Dit alles kan je dan ook niet negeren. Hopelijk doet de overheid hier het nodige mee. De publicatie werd ook opgepikt in de media, waardoor er hopelijk al meer animo over is.

Samengevat

Röntgen-scan of a debet card with wireless payment capabilities
RFID-antenne in bankkaart

Zoals het er nu voor staat, zullen alle nieuwe eID’s vanaf april een vingerafdruk opgeslagen krijgen op de kaart. Wat ik echter niet wist, is dat je identiteitskaart een perfect geldig identiteitsdocument is, ook als de chip niet werkt. Het zal enigszins afhankelijk zijn van de technsiche uitwerking, maar enkele jaren geleden was er op Hackaday al een post over het uitschakelen van contactloos betalen met bankkaarten. Mogelijk kan deze aanpak als inspiratie dienen.

WP Meetup Hasselt – Beveiliging

De eerste samenkomst van 2019 met de WordPress Meetup Hasselt ging over beveiliging. Met een kleine 20 deelnemers, was er heel wat ervaring met WordPress aanwezig. Daarnaast legt iedereen zijn eigen accenten bij het beveiligen want WordPress websites en niemand heeft de waarheid in pacht. We kozen daarom om een rondetafel methode te gebruiken. Zo kon iedereen zijn vragen stellen en inbreng doen.

Het volledige artikel kan je nalezen op de website van WP Belgium, maar als ik er toch 1 punt moet uitnemen om steeds aan te denken:

Zorg dat je WordPress installatie en de plugins steeds hun updates krijgen!

PS: Wens je deel te nemen aan de meetups, zie meer informatie hieronder:

WordPress Hasselt Meetup

Hasselt, BE
233 Members

We’re a group of local WordPress developers, designers, and publishers who get together to share our knowledge and experience, and to meet other WordPress users in the area. T…

Check out this Meetup Group →

Facebook gave away your personal data

In the period from 2010 until 2017, Facebook had agreements with large (Tech) companies to share all users data. This gave them the ability to harvest personal data, without your consent.

Facebook began partnerships for its own benefit. They did not sell data, but gave other companies access to user data. In return, the partner drove more traffic to Facebook and supporting Facebooks growth in ad revenue.

The New York Times wrote a comprehensive article after obtaining hunderds of pages documenting this. To confirm, they conducted more than 50 interviews.

WordPress 5.0 released

It took more than a year of development by the community to get to the WordPress 5.0 release. I think it’s a job well done. There are a lot of improvements that can be done, but upgrading from WordPress 4.9.8 to 5.0 goes without any problem.

I experimented some more with the new release and wrote about it on our AppSaloon website.

WP Meetup Hasselt – Performance

Every 2 months, there is a WordPress Meetup Hasselt. This time we did a little experiment: We combined a talk about Website Performance with a hands-on session. This gave us an opportunity to put the new knowledge into practice.

On beforehand we asked all participants to bring their laptops so they could work on any of their own websites. If there was no website available, a test-site was available to work with.

The full report of the meetup is available on the website of WP Belgium.

Example of a massive Advent Calendar

RipsTech PHP Security Advent Calendar

The advent is the period of roughly 24 days before Christmas and is typically a period of looking forward to A well-known tool to help you remind the progress is an Advent Calendar.


RipsTech released an Advents Calendar the past 2 years about general PHP vulnerabilities and they gave the idea a new spin. This year they focus on WordPress plugin vulnerabilities.

As you can see on the right, on every tile, there is an indication of the installation counts.


Example of a day in the Events Calendar

Every day of the Advent, RipsTech releases a short explanation of a specific vulnerability in one of the most-used plugins in the WordPress Ecosystem.


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